What is scrum? Part 1 – A Brief History

sundialToday, scrum is a set of practices used within agile development to help teams effectively engage customers and react to changing requirements.  In this series, we will look deeper at scrum, starting with a brief history of scrum.

In 1986, Hirotaka Takeuchi and Ikujiro Nonaka created a new development process – a variant of the Japanese Sashimi methods – which focused on speed and flexiblity. This process was referred to as a holistic or rugby approach.   Later, in the early 1990s  Ken Schwaber used a similar method at Advanced Development Methods.  In parallel, Jeff Sutherland, John Scumniotales, and Jeff McKenna began using a similar approach at the Easel Corporation and coined the term scrum.   Scrum is based on the rugby term (meaning to restart a game after a problem).   Like it’s rugby origin, scrum is a process that can be used to help teams stay on task and quickly adapt to problems, interruptions or new information.  



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